Risks and Side Effects of HCG
HCG is not without its risks, and there are several conditions where using HCG may be life-threatening. These conditions include having:
- A hormone-related cancer, such as prostate cancer
- An adrenal gland or thyroid disorder
- An ovarian cyst
- Cancer, or a tumor on the pituitary glance, ovary, breast, uterus, prostate, or hypothalamus
- Heart disease
- Kidney disease
- Premature puberty
It is also possible to be allergic to HCG. Additionally, using HCG while pregnant may cause damage to the fetus, and result in birth defects. HCG should not be used while pregnant.
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Common Side Effects
There is a long list of side effects that have been associated with HCG injections, with the severity ranging from mostly harmless to life-threatening. Some side effects tend to occur most often in a particular gender, though could possibly appear in any.
The more common side effects of HCG injections include:
- Absence of appetite
- Difficulty sleeping
- Feelings of depression or hopelessness
- Increased water retention
- Pain or irritation at the injection site
- Swelling or tenderness in the breast
- Trouble concentrating
These symptoms usually do not last for long and will go away without needing medical attention.
Some symptoms, however, are more serious, and some tend to require immediate medical aid. These more severe side effects include:
- Blurred vision
- Continuous nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea
- Feelings of indigestion
- Flushed of skin
- Loss of coordination
- Mild or severe bloating
- Pain in chest, groin, or legs
- Pain in the stomach or pelvis
- Redness of skin
- Reduced amounts of urine
- Sever itching
- Severe pain in the abdomen, pelvis, or stomach
- Severe weakness or numbness in arm or leg
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- Skin rash
- Slurred speech
- Sudden migraines
- Swelling of feet or lower legs
- Tightness in chest
- Unusually warm skin
- Weight gain (rapid)
Severe Side Effects
In rare cases, HCG injections can potentially cause life-threatening side effects.
Allergic reactions: Some people may have an allergic reaction to HCG injections. Signs of this may include hives, difficulty breathing, or swelling in the face, tongue, or throat. Medical attention should be immediately sought if an allergic reaction is suspected.
Blood clots: HCG may potentially cause a blood clot. Sighs of this may include pain, tingling in the arm or leg, or numbness. Redness, warmth, confusion or dizziness, and a severe headache may also hint at a blood clot.
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS): HCG may cause this syndrome where the ovaries swell and become painful. In some cases, OHSS may be a life-threatening condition. Symptoms of this include severe pelvic pain, severe stomach pain, nausea, diarrhea, and vomiting.
Early Puberty: When used in younger boys, HCG may cause premature puberty. Any signs of puberty in a young boy that is using HCG should be immediately reported to a doctor.
Birth defects: When used in pregnant women, HCG may have a negative impact on the fetus which can result in birth defects when the baby is born.